News & Media

April 21, 2015

A "cingular" strategy for attack and defense


Like a tennis player who makes split-second decisions to either approach the net or back up, decisions to attack or defend are often made before we can evaluate all our options. Although common, how we make these kind of decisions is not well understood. Now, researchers at the RIKEN Brain Science Institute in Japan have pinpointed specific brain regions related to this process by examining neural activity in people playing shogi, a Japanese form of chess. Published in Nature Neuroscience, the study shows that two different regions within the cingulate cortex—one toward the front of the brain and the other toward the back—separately encode the values of defensive and offensive strategies.

Press Release: A "cingular" strategy for attack and defense