Centers & Labs

RIKEN Brain Science Institute

Laboratory for Proteolytic Neuroscience

Laboratory Head: Takaomi Saido (Ph.D.)
Takaomi  Saido(Ph.D.)

The aim of our research is to understand the mechanism of brain aging with specific emphasis on the study Alzheimer's disease (AD) through proteolysis. Proteolytic reactions often play critical roles in both physiological and pathological circumstances because of their irreversible nature, but their actual in vivo functions particularly in brain are not yet well understood. Among the various aspects of protease involvement in neuropathophysiology, our research focuses on two major themes. One is the metabolism of amyloid-βpeptide (Aβ), the cortical deposition of which triggers the pathological cascade leading to AD. Under physiological conditions, Aβ is constantly produced from its precursor and immediately catabolized, whereas dysmetabolism of Aβ seems to lead to pathological deposition upon aging. By elucidating the mechanism of Aβ metabolism, we intend to establish a new approach to prevent AD development by reducing Aβ burdens in aging brains. The other objective is to define the roles of intracellular proteases, calpains and caspases, and also of autophagy in the processes of neuronal dysfunction and degeneration in AD and other neurodegenerative diseases. Because these processes are relatively down-stream to Aβ deposition in the disease cascade, we expect the outcome to contribute to AD research in therapeutic rather than preventive terms. We also aim to identify the mechanisms (pathways), by which Aβ amyloidosis causes tauopathy and neurodegeneration. For this purpose, we generated 2nd generation mouse models of AD, which overproduce Aβ42 without overexpressing amyloid precursor protein. These models will also be useful for the search of biomarkers.

Main Research Field

Biological Sciences

Related Research Fields

Biology / Medicine, dentistry, and pharmacy

Keywords

  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • amyloid
  • tau
  • neuroinflammation
  • neurodegeneration

Selected Publications

  1. Sasaguri, H., Nilsson, P., Hashimoto, S., Nagata, K., Saito, T., De Strooper, B., Hardy, J., Vassar, R., Winblad, B., Saido, T.C.
    "APP mouse models for Alzheimer’s disease preclinical studies."
    EMBO J, in press (2017).
  2. Saito, T., Matsuba, Y., Mihira, N., Takano, J., Nilsson, P., Itohara, S., Iwata, N., Saido, T.C.:
    "Single App knock-in mouse models of Alzheimer’s disease."
    Nat. Neurosci., 17, 661-663. (2014)
  3. Nilsson, P., Loganathan, K., Sekiguchi, M., Matsuba, Y., Hui, K., Tsubuki, S., Tanaka, M., Iwata, N., Saito, T., Saido, T.C.:
    "Aβ secretion and plaque formation depend on autophagy."
    Cell Reports, 5(19), 61-69, doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2013.08.042. (2013)
  4. Iwata, N., Sekiguchi, M., Hattori, Y., Takahashi, A., Asai, M., Ji, B., Higuchi, M., Staufenbiel, M., Muramatsu, S., Saido T.C.:
    "Global brain delivery of neprilysin gene by intravascular administration of AAV vector in mice."
    Sci Rep, 3:1472. doi: 10.1038/srep01472. (2013)
  5. Kakiya, N., Saito, T., Nilsson, P., Matsuba, Y., Tsubuki, S., Takei, N., Nawa, H., Saido T.C.:
    "Cell-surface expression of the major Aβ degrading enzyme, neprilysin, depends on phosphorylation by MEK and dephosphorylation by protein phosphatase 1a."
    J. Biol. Chem., 2 (2012).
  6. Saito, T., Suemoto, T., Brouwers, N., Sleegers, K., Funamoto, S., Mihira, N., Matsuba, Y., Yamada, K., Nilsson, P., Takano, J., Nishimura, M., Iwata, N., Van Broeckhoven, C., Ihara, Y., Saido, T.C.:
    "Potent amyloidogenicity and pathogenicity of Aβ43."
    Nat. Neurosci.,14, 1023-1032. (2011)
  7. Takano, J., Mihira, N., Fujioka, R., Hosoki, E., Chishti, A.H., Saido, T.C.:
    "Vital role of the calpain-calpastatin system for placental integrity-dependent embryonic survival."
    Mol. Cell Biol., 31, 4097-4106. (2011)
  8. Saito, T., Iwata, N., Tsubuki, S., Takaki, Y., Takano, J., Huang, S.-H., Suemoto, T., Higuchi, M., Saido, T.C.:
    "Somatostatin regulates brain amyloid β peptide, Aβ42, through modulation of proteolytic degradation."
    Nature Med., 11, 434-439.(2005)
  9. Higuchi, M., Iwata, N., Matsuba, Y., Sato, K., Sasamoto, K., Saido T.C.:.
    "19F- and 1H-MRI detection of amyloid-β peptide in vivo."
    Nature Neurosci., 8, 527-533. (2005)
  10. Iwata, N., Tsubuki, S., Takaki, Y., Shirotani, K., Lu, B., Gerard, N.P., Gerard, C., Hama, E., Lee, H.-J., Saido, T.C.:
    "Metabolic regulation of brain Aβ by neprilysin."
    Science, 292, 1550-1552. (2001)

Lab Members

Principal Investigator

Takaomi Saido
Laboratory Head

Core Members

Takashi Saito
Deputy Laboratory Head
Naomasa Kakiya
Research Scientist
Kenichi Nagata
Research Scientist
Hiroki Sasaguri
Research Scientist
Shoko Hashimoto
Special Postdoctoral Researcher
Satoshi Tsubuki
Research Specialist
Maho Morishima
Research Consultant
Naoto Watamura
Junior Research Associate
Ayano Ishii
Junior Research Associate
Sho Yoshimatsu
Junior Research Associate
Naomi Mihira
Technical Staff I
Misaki Sekimoto
Technical Staff I
Yukiko Nagai
Technical Staff I
Yukio Matsuba
Technical Staff I
Ryo Fujioka
Technical Staff I
Naoko Kamano
Technical Staff I
Mika Takahashi
Technical Staff I

Contact information

2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan

Email: saido [at] brain.riken.jp

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Recent research results