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RIKEN Center for Brain Science Laboratory for Human Cognition and Learning

Team Leader: Kazuhisa Shibata (Ph.D.)

Research Summary

Kazuhisa Shibata (Ph.D.)

We know ourselves less than we expect because most information processing in the brain occurs without our consciousness. Our lab is broadly interested in how we recognize (cognition), how we decide (decision-making), and how we change through experience (learning) with an emphasis on interactions between conscious and subconscious processing in the human brain. We take an interdisciplinary approach including psychophysics, neuroimaging, machine learning, and computational modeling.

Main Research Fields

  • Biological Sciences

Related Research Fields

  • Engineering
  • Informatics
  • Humanities
  • Social Sciences
  • Basic/Social brain science
  • Experimental psychology
  • Neurophysiology/General neuroscience


  • Perception
  • Cognition
  • Learning
  • Neuroimaging
  • Artificial intelligence

Selected Publications

Papers with an asterisk(*) are based on research conducted outside of RIKEN.

  • 1.*Shibata K., Watanabe T., Sasaki Y., and Kawato, M.:
    "Perceptual learning incepted by decoded fMRI neurofeedback without stimulus presentation" Science, 334 (6061): 1413-1415 (2011).
  • 2.* Shibata, K., Kawato, M., Watanabe, T., and Sasaki, Y.:
    "Monocular deprivation boosts long-term visual plasticity"
    Current Biology, 22 (9): R291-292 (2012).
  • 3.*Shibata, K. and Watanabe, T.:
    "Preference suppression caused by misattribution of task-irrelevant subliminal motion"
    Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 279 (1742): 3443-3448 (2012).
  • 4.*Shibata, K., Sagi, D., and Watanabe, T.:
    "Two-stage model in perceptual learning: toward a unified theory"
    Annals of the NY Academy of Sciences, 1316 (1): 18-28 (2014).
  • 5.*Shibata, K., Sasaki, Y., Kawato, M., and Watanabe, T.:
    "Neuroimaging evidence for 2 types of plasticity in association with visual perceptual learning" Cerebral Cortex, 26 (9): 3681-3689 (2016).
  • 6.*Shibata, K., Watanabe, T., Kawato, M., and Sasaki, Y.:
    "Differential activation patterns in the same brain region led to opposite emotional states"
    PLoS Biology, 14 (9): e1002546 (2016).
  • 7.*Shibata, K., Sasaki, Y., Bang, JW., Walsh, EG., Machizawa, MG., Tamaki, M., Chang, LH., and Watanabe, T.:
    "Overlearning hyperstabilizes a skill by rapidly making neurochemical processing inhibitory-dominant"
    Nature Neuroscience, 20: 470-475 (2017).
  • 8.*(*co-first author) *Watanabe, T., *Sasaki, Y., *Shibata, K., and Kawato, M.:
    "Advances in fMRI real-time neurofeedback"
    Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 21: 997-1010 (2017).
  • 9.*(*co-first author) *Bang, JW., *Shibata, K., *Frank, S., Walsh, EG., Greenlee, M., Watanabe, T., and Sasaki, Y.:
    "Consolidation and reconsolidation share behavioral and neurochemical mechanisms"
    Nature Human Behavior, 2: 507-513 (2018)
  • 10.*Shibata, K., Lisi, G., Cortese, A., Watanabe, T., Sasaki, Y., and Kawato, M.:
    "Toward a comprehensive understanding of the neural mechanisms of decoded neurofeedback"
    NeuroImage, 189: 341-352 (2019).

Related Links

Lab Members

Principal investigator

Kazuhisa Shibata
Team Leader

Contact Information

RIKEN CBS 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan
Email: kazuhisa.shibata [at] riken.jp